UMASS Recognizes Growing Interdisciplinary Study of Black Germans in Academia

Doctoral student Kevina King (far left) on a panel this weekend with Jemele Watkins (far right) at the third Black German Heritage & Research Association International Conference held at Amherst College.

Doctoral student Kevina King (far left) on a panel this weekend with Jemele Watkins (far right) at the third Black German Heritage & Research Association International Conference held at Amherst College.

AMHERST, Mass.—In an effort to recognize a relatively young academic discipline that many in the academy have never heard of before, nearly a hundred students and scholars gathered at Amherst College over the weekend to discuss their research and ideas for how to grow Black German Studies.

This marks the third year that the Black German Heritage & Research Association sponsored the international conference, which highlighted a variety of interdisciplinary topics ranging from Black Germans during the Third Reich to their ongoing presence in German theater.

Like African American, Women and Queer studies, Black German Studies has an admitted social justice focus, says Dr. Sara Lennox, a professor emeritus at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst and an early founder of the Black German Studies movement in the U.S. “We’ve made the field legitimate. You can now do this work and get tenure,” says Lennox, who was chiefly responsible for jumpstarting the Black German Studies concentration at UMASS Amherst. “It’s kind of a burgeoning field and movement. The other thing that’s really cool is there is a pretty strong connection between activism and scholarship and a really strong connection with the experimental … Black Germans talking about their stories.”

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Black Europe

The first comprehensive documentation of the sounds and images of black people in Europe pre-1927

imageRecordings on phonograph cylinders, gramophone discs and films, with both still and moving images, feature people of African descent in Europe from the earliest years of the recording industry and continued after the First World War. The contribution of these pioneering personalities on the modern mass media has not been noticed – recognition is overdue. Music, spoken word and dance, from all styles, categories, languages and natal lands provide a lost but rich resource. Many artefacts may be lost forever, but this project traces the surviving evidence.

Collected in two 12 x 12 inch coffee table book with more than 500 full-colour pages, here is a multitude of documents, artefacts and curiosities, from passport applications, personal memorabilia and letters, to sheet music, newspaper ads and fabulous poster art, complemented by contemporary postcards and images of wax cylinders and disc records. In more than 100 chapters the life and times of these pioneering entertainers, musicians and linguists comes to life, from early film and sound examples to best-selling 78 rpm records, from ‘human zoos’ and minstrel shows to ethnological documentation and portraits of the (sometimes dubious) movers and shakers in European showbusiness of the time.

The team of internationally recognized experts, compilers and authors responsible for this project includes biographer Horst J.P. Bergmeier of the Netherlands, historian Jeffrey Green from the United Kingdom, discographer Dr. Rainer E. Lotz from Germany, researcher Howard Rye from the United Kingdom and sound engineer Christian Zwarg from Germany.

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BLACK DEUTSCHLAND

BLACK DEUTSCHLAND

VINCENT: “Als ich nach Deutschland kam und deutsch lernte, da hieß es, Neger bedeutet schwarze Person. Das war soweit ok. Ich habe im Wörterbuch nachgeschaut und tatsächlich bedeutete es schwarze Person. Aber wenn du dann auf der Strasse hörst: Nee, das mach ich nicht für dich, ich bin doch nicht dein Neger, dann fängst du an nachzudenken.”

Der Dokumentarfilm BLACK DEUTSCHLAND ist eine intime Studie über das Denken und Fühlen einer gar nicht so kleinen Minderheit, über schwarze Deutsche und Schwarze in Deutschland. Regisseur Oliver Hardt porträtiert Kulturschaffende, die dem Zuschauer auf emotionale, gleichwohl reflektierte und humorvolle Weise eine Idee davon vermitteln, was es bedeutet, als Nicht-Weisser in einer Gesellschaft zu leben, die sich als “weiss” definiert.

In offenen, freundschaftlichen Gesprächen geben die Protagonisten Auskunft über Fremd- und Selbstbilder und Vorurteile, über ein tief verwurzeltes Selbstbewusstsein, aber auch über ihre Ängste und Unsicherheiten.

BLACK DEUTSCHLAND wurde 2006 auf dem World Media Festival in Hamburg mit Silber ausgezeichnet und war für den Hessischen Filmpreis nominiert.

Mit Darius James, Sam Meffire, Vincent Mewanu, Tyron Ricketts, Noah Sow u.a.

SZ-Interview mit Regisseur Oliver Hardt (>>download PDF)

arte-Interview mit der Historikerin Nicola Lauré al-Samarai (>>download PDF)